手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 在线广播 > VOA慢速英语 > VOA慢速-健康报道 > 正文

VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国医生减少止咳药和感冒药处方

来源:可可英语 编辑:aimee ?  VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..
)uj0WJ*8Te#N#&@B

jtX%wzC]xVpD

US Doctors Giving Fewer Cough, Cold Medicines
A new study suggests that American doctors are telling patients to take cough or cold medicines less often than they did a few years ago.
The study comes at a time when health experts say these treatments may be ineffective or have serious side effects, mainly in young children.
Recommendations against giving cough and cold medicines to young children have become increasingly common in the United States since 2008. That was the year when the Food and Drug Administration advised against giving "over-the-counter" cough and cold drugs to children under the age of 2. Over-the-counter medicines are sold directly to patients or caregivers without doctors' orders or prescriptions.
Soon after, drug manufacturers recommended against cough and cold drugs for boys and girls under the age of 4. The American Academy of Pediatrics advised against these drugs for kids under the age of 6.
Researchers wanted to see how these recommendations have influenced doctors' prescriptions to patients. So they looked at records representing 3.1 billion pediatric visits from 2002 to 2015. All of the patients were babies or children.
The researchers looked at doctors' prescriptions of drugs for treating coughs and colds. They considered drugs both with and without opioids and antihistamines. Opioids are a group of drugs meant to reduce pain. They are available legally by prescription. Doctors often recommend antihistamines to help people suffering from allergic reactions.

;![VmQA0%se#]u2g@Wb

儿童感冒.jpg
The researchers compared the years before 2008 to the years after 2008. They found a 70% drop in prescriptions for non-opioid cough and cold medicines for children under 2 years old. Recommendations for cough and cold drugs with opioids dropped by 90% among children under 6 years old.
Doctor Daniel Horton was lead author of a report on the study. He is a researcher at the Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in New Jersey.
"Our study suggests that doctors responded to professional warnings against the use of cough and cold medicines in young children," he said.
Antihistamine recommendations for young children increased during the period, however.
"Given that many parents want some treatment, one might guess that some doctors started recommending antihistamines more often as a safer alternative to other cough and cold (medicines), even though there is little evidence that they actually work to treat colds in children," Horton said by email.
The study had limitations. One was that researchers lacked information about whether parents followed recommendations to take or avoid specific medicines. Parents also might have given kids drugs that were not recommended by doctors, the researchers noted. Their findings were published in JAMA Pediatrics.
Generally, colds in children do not need to be treated with medicines, and children will get better on their own, Horton said. He added that, "Children should see their doctors if they are not able to keep up with fluids, appear dehydrated or lethargic, have difficulty breathing, have fevers that persist for several days, or if there are other concerns."
I'm John Russell.

0@&&)NLHA#W(#0tSqd7

p+X@V!bP4Sdfi5HG3v

87!ht(g.Bgx3JU)^jFRgmO]do*RE-d;4~

重点单词   查看全部解释    
respond [ris'pɔnd]

想一想再看

v. 回答,答复,反应,反响,响应
n.

联想记忆
avoid [ə'vɔid]

想一想再看

vt. 避免,逃避

联想记忆
evidence ['evidəns]

想一想再看

n. 根据,证据
v. 证实,证明

联想记忆
available [ə'veiləbl]

想一想再看

adj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的

联想记忆
ineffective [ini'fektiv]

想一想再看

adj. 无效的,无能的,效率低的

联想记忆
flame [fleim]

想一想再看

n. 火焰,热情
v. 燃烧,面红,爆发

 
pediatrics [.pi:di'ætriks]

想一想再看

n. [医]小儿科 =paediatrics(英)

联想记忆
lethargic [le'θɑ:dʒik]

想一想再看

adj. 昏睡的,困倦的,冷淡的

联想记忆
antihistamine [,ænti'histəmi:n]

想一想再看

n. [药]抗组胺剂

联想记忆
recommend [.rekə'mend]

想一想再看

vt. 建议,推荐,劝告
vt. 使成为可取,

联想记忆
?
发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习推荐

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    科学美国人60秒

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。
    友情链接:公爵开户:QQ:83122616  公爵  公爵股东  公爵国际  公爵国际主管  公爵国际招商  公爵主管  公爵招商  公爵国际平台  公爵平台  公爵国际官方  公爵官方  公爵国际注册  公爵国际开户  公爵注册  公爵开户