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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国人早餐吃什么?

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The History of American Breakfast
Since the earliest days of the United States, Americans began their days by eating whatever was most easily available. These foods often included bread, eggs or leftovers – food left over from the night before.
Today, ease is still an important factor when it comes to breakfast. However, what people eat has changed over time. And some of today's common breakfast foods, such as cereal, are the result of very effective marketing.
"Advertising was practically invented to sell cereal," says Heather Arndt Anderson. She is the writer of the book "Breakfast: A History."
Arndt Anderson adds, "One of the first ways advertising was successfully or effectively used was to convince mothers that it was okay for their children to eat these instant cereals. It sort of offered working mothers a chance to let kids take care of themselves in the morning."
As women entered the workforce to help support their families, cereal was a food kids could make on their own.
"That's still sort of the power, really the lasting effect of breakfast as being the first meal that kids do learn how to prepare themselves," Arndt Anderson says.
Advertising also played an important part in orange juice becoming a morning drink. In 1916, farmers grew more oranges than usual, so advertisers began saying, "Drink an orange." They aimed to persuade people that drinking orange juice was a healthy way to start the day.
Two years later, a worldwide flu epidemic caused people to drink more orange juice for its health benefits.
As for coffee, it might have the 1773 Boston Tea Party to thank for its popularity in the United States. In that year, American colonists protested British taxation by throwing tea into Boston Harbor. In time, coffee became so popular that people traveling to the American West in the 1830s made sure to carry coffee beans on the journey.
Pancakes have also been around for a very long time. Researchers believe the world's oldest naturally preserved human mummy ate a pancake-like food as one of his last meals.
Researchers think pancakes may have been made in the morning because they are much quicker to prepare than bread. Cooks could then have to time to make fresh bread for dinner.
Americans still eat breakfast foods like bread and eggs that their ancestors did. Writer Heather Arndt Anderson notes that people's concerns about healthy food choices have also stayed the same.
She says the idea of clean eating and healthy eating has been around for hundreds of years. She adds, "The only thing that's changed has been the details with which we define what these things are — what clean eating is, and being healthy."
Arndt Anderson hopes more Americans will see leftovers as a breakfast food. She adds that leftovers taste good and are a great way to reduce waste.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
adept [ə'dept]

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adj. 熟练的,老练的 n. 名手,专家

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effective [i'fektiv]

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adj. 有效的,有影响的

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popularity [.pɔpju'læriti]

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n. 普及,流行,名望,受欢迎

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available [ə'veiləbl]

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adj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的

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disagree [.disə'gri:]

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v. 不一致,有分歧,不适应,不适宜

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preserved [pri'zə:vd]

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adj. 保藏的;腌制的;[美俚]喝醉的

 
harbor ['hɑ:bə]

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n. 海港,避难所
vt. 庇护,心怀,窝藏<

 
taxation [tæk'seiʃən]

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n. 课税,征税,税金

 
define [di'fain]

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v. 定义,解释,限定,规定

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effectively [i'fektivli]

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adv. 事实上,有效地

 
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